Published November 2001
by Abbe Pub Assn of Washington Dc .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||175|
Smallpox (variola) virus is considered a Category A bioterrorism agent due to its ability to spread rapidly and the high morbidity and mortality rates associated with infection. Current recommendations recognize the importance of oral antivirals and call for having at least two smallpox antivirals w Cited by: 5. Smallpox (Variola Virus) Infection: as a weapon of bioterrorism. 6. For more information, see the Getting Started with the Division of Antiviral Products Pre -IND Process web page at. Variola virus. Variola virus (or variola major virus) is the virus that causes virus is one of the members of the poxvirus group (Family Poxviridae).The virus particle is brick shaped and contains a double strand of deoxyribonucleic variola virus is among the most dangerous of all the potential biological weapons. On May 8, , representatives of all World Health Organisation (WHO) member states gathered in Geneva and officially declared that the smallpox-causing variola virus had been relegated to the history books, two centuries after the discovery of a vaccine.
Emerging infectious diseases such as Nipah virus and hantavirus; What is the role of the Bureau of Infectious Diseases? The Ohio Department of Health (ODH) is committed to a 24/7 response for threats of bioterrorism reported by either local health departments in Ohio or by local, state or federal law enforcement. Smallpox - Variola virus: Author: Wikipedia, Posted on Tuesday, concerns about smallpox have resurfaced as a possible agent for bioterrorism. As a result, there has been increased concern about the availability of vaccine stocks. The exact date when smallpox entered India is not known, but in A.D. an Indian medical book records a. Smallpox (variola) virus is considered a Category A bioterrorism agent due to its ability to spread rapidly and the high morbidity and mortality rates associated with infection. Current recommendations recognize the importance of oral antivirals and call for having at least two smallpox antivirals with different mechanisms of action available. Guidelines from the CDC address the release of vaccine in the event of bioterrorism. 25,26 Because the risk of a deliberate release of variola virus is considered low, preexposure vaccination is.
Smallpox (variola) was a devastating disease with a high case-fatality rate. Although the disease was eradicated in , the remaining stocks of smallpox virus constitute one of the most dangerous threats to humanity. The smallpox virus is highly specific for . Variola major is a double-stranded DNA virus of the Orthopox family. There are two recognized forms of smallpox: Variola major and Variola a major is the more virulent strain with mortality rates 30% or higher in vaccine-naïve a major has historically been more a minor is considered rather mild with mortality rates less than 1%. The United States uses smallpox vaccinia, a live virus that is different but closely enough related to smallpox variola that it induces immunity (Baxby, ; Flight, ; Ogden, ). After Jenner's discovery, it took nearly two centuries to purge the world of smallpox. Smallpox vaccination also does not provide much protection, if any, against hemorrhagic smallpox. Variola minor is a less common clinical presentation, and much less severe disease (for example.